Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak is reading his fourth budget speech, which is aimed at reining in the deficit and shoring up support before the 13th general election.AT A GLANCE
Total budget: RM251.6 billion
Operation expenditure: RM201.9 bil
Development expenditure: RM49.7 bil
GDP growth 2012: 4.5% - 5.0%
GDP growth 2013: 4.5% - 5.5%
Revenue 2012: RM206.2 bil
Revenue 2013: RM208.6 bil
Deficit 2012: 4.5%
Deficit 2013: 4.0%
- Total expenditure - RM249.7 bil, down 1.1 percent, but 7.2 percent higher than 2012 initial budget
- Deficit - Expected to go down by 0.5% to 4% in 2013. Target is to reach 3 percent by 2015
- Federal government debt 2012 - RM502.4 bil (highest in history) or 53.7 percent (highest since early 1990s)
- Government revenue RM208.6 bil, up RM1.4 bil
Small and medium industries
- RM1 bil SME development scheme
- Group insurance for petty traders with maximum RM5,000 coverage
- New loan facilities for petty traders
- Target for Visit Malaysia Year 2013/2014: 26.8 mil tourist
- Three-year tax holiday for tourism companies handing 750 foreign tourists and 1,500 local tourists.
- RM705 mil for replanting, technology development, smallholder assistance and product development, particularly for oil palm.
- RM200 monthly allowance, 10 to 20 sen/kilo income support and up to RM100,000 coverage for fishermen
- RM2.4 bil in subsidies and incentives for rice plantations.
- 10-year tax holiday for Tun Razak Exchange companies, expected to attract 250 companies related to finance sector
- Skim Jaminan Modal Kerja expanded for companies with shareholdings worth RM20 mil, and offered up to Dec 31, 2013
- RM350 mil for entreprenuers under TEKUN programme, including RM50 mil for the Indian community
- SME Bank bumiputera fund - RM1 bil
- Bumiputera equity holding up: 23%
Education and labour
- RM1 bil to improve school infrastructure
- RM1.2 bil for pre-schools under government programmes including Permata
- RM10,000 launching grants for private pre-school operators
- Five-year tax holiday and building allowance for pre-school operators
- Six pilot pre-schools for the disabled
- RM3.7 bil for vocational training
- Additional allocation of RM500 million for training of teachers in core subjects: Bahasa Malaysia, English, Science and Maths
- Free health checks, twice a year, for Perkeso members
Research and development
- RM600 million R&D grants for five universities. Focus: Nanotechnology, automotive, bio-technology and aerospace technology
- Tax holiday for research and development investment (10-year tax holiday for statutory earnings)
- RM2 billion for green technology scheme
Pensioners and senior citizens
- Minimum pension for those who served at least 25 years up from RM720 to RM820.
- 50 percent off passport fees for senior citizens starting Jan 2013
- RM200 a month incentives for armed forces personnel
- Allowance hike from RM4.00 to RM7.80 an hour for reserve corps and territorial army
- One-off payment of RM1,000 for army veterans who served for at least 21 years, where 224,000 will qualify.
- Insurance coverage of up to RM15,000 for police and army.
- RM591 million for crime prevention
- 1,000 motorcycles for the police neighbourhood patrol unit.
- Additional 10,000 volunteer police
- 496 CCTV in 25 local councils
- RM10,000 grants for neighbourhood associations for patrols
- New uniforms for 300,000 Rela members
- Incentives for companies that install security systems
- Additional 150 staff for Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC)
- RM20 million for legal aid
- RM88 million for Orang Asli development
- 40,000 water tanks for those in the interiors of Sabah and Sarawak
- 19,000 homes to get electricity and 24,000 homes to get tap water
- 441 kilometers of new rural roads
- RM100 million to improve 350 government clinics
- 70 more Klinik 1Malaysia to be established, increasing total number to 240.
Youth and sports
- Velodrom in Seremban, Negri Sembilan and a Badminton Academy in Bukit Kiara,Kuala Lumpur
- Subsidy of two percent of interest rates business loans for young entrepreneurs for loans up to RM100,000
- RM200 rebate for smart phone purchase for those aged 21 to 30 years.
- Half price Komunter fares for those earning less than RM3,000 a month.
- Formation of RapidKuantan.
- Affordable housing - 123,000 units to be built, in areas such as Sungai Buloh and seremban
- First home scheme - income cap raised from RM3,000 to RM5,000. Join income limit is RM10,000. Applies only for houses below RM400,000
- Up to 50 percent stamp duty exemption for first home owners until Dec 14, 2014
- Real property gains tax (RPGT) for properties sold within two years of purchase raised to 15%; 2-5 years 10%. No RPGT for properties sold five years after purchase
- Tax breaks and incentives for contractors and banks who offer loans to contractors to revive abandoned housing projects. Original buyers of abandoned projects will be exempted from stamp duty for loan refinancing or ownership transfer agreements
Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M 2.0)
- RM500 cash for households with combined income of RM3,000 or less
- RM250 cash for unmarried individuals who are 21 and above and earning RM2,000 and below
- Disbursement - Early 2013
- Sugar prices to increase as a result of subsidy cuts by RM0.20. New prices are RM2.50 per kilo for Peninsular Malaysia and RM2.60 per kilo for Sabah and Sarawak.
- 1% tax reduction for those with a taxable income of RM2,500 to RM50,000
- Tax cuts for corporations
- RM10,000 rebates and 2% interest subsidy on loans to purchase new school buses, to replace buses which are 25 years or more. (Capacity 12 to 18 seats)
- RM2.6 bil in welfare aid for schoolchildren
- One-off payment of RM100 for each primary and secondary school student
- 20% discount for National Higher Education Fund (PTPTN) loans for those who pay off the entire amount outstanding (valid until Sept 30, 2013)
- 10% discount for PTPTN loan repayment for those who pay consistently
- 100 neighbourhood internet centres
Civil service bonus
- One and a half month bonus, disbursed in three months.
Women, family and community
- 500 women trained as board members under Women Directors’ Programme.
- The Single Mothers Skills Incubator Programme (I-Kit) will be improved to provide advisory services and training for single mothers in entrepreneurship.
- RM50 million for Get Malaysian Business Online Programme (GMBO) to assist small entrepreneurs, particularly women, to increase online sales with RM1,000 grant.
- RM25,000 for free mammogram examination for women, aged 40 and above.
- RM1.2 billion to 1Malaysia Welfare Programme (Kar1sma) under the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development. To assist senior citizens, children and disabled workers as well as chronic illnesses.
- RM400 million for 1Azam or Akhiri Zaman Miskin programme for the low-income group to generate income. Programmes under this initiative are Azam Kerja, Azam Tani, Azam Niaga and Azam Khidmat.